Cord blood which is rich in immune regulatory cells, transplantation can help to reduce type-1 diabetes of children, by restarting children’s immune systems.

Type 1 diabetes, usually diagnosed in children and young adults, occurs when the immune system goes haywire and starts attacking itself, destroying insulin-producing cells in the pancreas needed to control blood sugar.

“They are getting back their own cells and nothing else. We knew it would be very safe and the fact that we are seeing any benefit is a big bonus,” said Dr. Michael Haller of the University of Florida College of Medicine, who presented the study at the American Diabetes Association meeting in Chicago.

Haller said so far his team had studied 11 diabetic children aged 2 to 10 who were treated with their own cord blood. They were followed for between three months and 31 months.

Children given the cord blood had lower blood glucose levels and needed much less daily insulin therapy to control their diabetes than children with the disease who did not get the therapy.

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