A new study which was published in the Journal of Oral Implantology, claims that stem cell procedure can really help dental implants by regenerating enough tissues around it.
Researchers conducted the study with five goats, they fitted each of five goats with two titanium implants immediately after tooth removal.
A poly DL-Lactide-co-Glycolide scaffold was fitted around each implant, but the control received only the scaffolding.
The experimental implant received scaffolding seeded with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMDSCs). All implant sites showed some level of tissue development at 10 days after the operation.
The experimental side after one month successfully developed cementum, bone, and periodontal ligament, the three tissues required for regeneration of periodontal tissue.
The increasing need to utilize dental implants for growing patients and enhance their function to simulate normal tooth physiology and proprioception, there appears to be an urgent need for the concept of periodontal tissue regeneration around dental implants.
Tissue engineering in the head and neck area, presents numerous advantages. One of the most remarkable advantages is that regeneration of only a small amount of tissue can be highly beneficial to the patient, particularly in the field of periodontal tissue regeneration.
According to researchers undifferentiated mesenchymal stem cells were capable of differentiating to provide the 3 critical tissues required for periodontal tissue regeneration: cementum, bone, and periodontal ligament. This work may provide a new approach for periodontal tissue regeneration.